The newest annual report
from the National Science Foundation on recipients of doctorates from American universities reveals disturbing employment trends among scientists and engineers: Fewer are finding jobs and more are doing postdocs.
Issued on 12 December, the report covers degrees awarded in 2011. The
percentage of new Ph.D.s who reported having nailed down "definite
commitments for employment or postdoctoral (postdoc) study fell in every
broad science and engineering (S&E) field in 2011, the second
consecutive year of decline," the report states. The percentages stood
"at or near the lowest level of the past 10 years." In life sciences,
the field with the lowest percentage of new Ph.D.s getting definite
commitments, the number was down 10 full percentage points from 10 years
before, to 62.5%. In physical sciences, the field with the highest
level of commitments, the percentage declined from 72.9% to 69.3% in the
In engineering, where commitments dropped from
72.5% to 64% over the past 10 years, another statistic was rapidly
rising: the percentage of new Ph.D.s doing postdocs. Long recognized as a
form of disguised unemployment, postdocs were now the first post-degree
positions for 41% of new Ph.D. engineers, more than doubling from 18.9%
a decade before. 58.5% of the physical scientists were doing postdocs,
up from 44.7% in 2001, as were 69.3% of the life scientists, up 10
percentage points in a decade.
New engineering postdocs earned
salaries averaging $44,000, far below the $95,000 average for first jobs
in industry and $71,000 for first jobs in academe. For physical
scientists the figures were $47,000 for postdocs, $100,000 in industry,
and $54,000 in academe. For life scientists, always the lowest-paid, they
were $39,000 for postdocs, $89,000 in industry, and $65,000 in academe.
The report is here.